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November 2000: A Bibliographical Guide to Anarchism in English Printer Friendly Version

A Bibliographical Guide to Anarchism in English

(November, 2000)

James Herod


Anarchism did not emerge as a distinct, full-bodied movement until the nineteenth century. For most purposes, for example in a history of anarchism, it is perhaps best to keep to this distinct body of work. For the purposes of this bibliography however, given the extraordinary nature of our times, in which we have an opportunity to renew anarchism as a movement, and redefine radical politics in general, it is more useful I believe to broaden the term, to use it as an umbrella concept so to speak, and thus include precursors of anarchist thought as well as parallel or related political tendencies. Therefore I use this broadened definition of anarchism and include within it anti-authoritarianism and anti-statism in general, the literature on workers control or workers self-management, surrealism, parts of French utopian socialism, some of Marx and parts of marxism (especially hegelian marxism, western marxism, and autonomous marxism), council communism, the libertarian wings of socialism and communism, much of the cooperative movement, communes, much of critical theory (the Frankfurt School), anarcho-syndicalism (of course), situationism, much of American so-called anti-federalism, radical democratic theory, radical epistemology, anarcho-feminism, radicals of the English revolution, radical theorists of the peasant revolutions, Christian communism of the Middle Ages, and so forth. Excluded of course are Leninism and Social Democracy and all authoritarian, statist, elitist, mystical versions of the struggle for freedom.


First Must-Reads

1. Ward, Colin, Anarchy in Action. Freedom Press, 1973, 2nd edition 1982, 152 pages. I believe this is the best single book to read on anarchism, if you can only read one. Ward brings anarchism down to concrete reality in terms of welfare, schooling, housing, work and play, social organization, crime and deviance, and so forth.

2. Landauer, Gustav, For Socialism (1911). Telos Press, 1978, 150 pages. "Continuing the thoughts he first advanced in his Skepsis und Mystik and Die Revolution, he effectively criticizes the central social forces of modern European society -- the Second International, advanced capitalism, modern science, the Social-Democratic Party, orthodox Marxism, and the economistic vision of state socialism -- while, at the same time, outlining an emancipatory, stateless, political order grounded in the traditions of organic community." (From the introduction to the Telos edition.)

3. Debord, Guy, Society of the Spectacle (1967). Black & Red, Detroit, 1970, 1977. A founding text of the French Situationist International.

4. Pannekoek, Anton, Lenin as Philosopher: A Critical Examination of the Philosophical Basis of Leninism (1938). Republished by Merlin Press in 1975 from the 1st English edition of 1948.

Pannekoek was a Dutch left communist, or council communist, from the anarcho-syndicalist tradition. This is a thorough refutation of Leninism from an anarchist perspective.

5. Gorter, Herman, Open Letter to Comrade Lenin: A Reply to ‘Left-Wing Communism, an Infantile Disorder’ (by Lenin) (1920). Republished finally by Wildcat in September 1989. A Dutch comrade of Anton Pannekoek, Gorter immediately wrote this reply to Lenin’s attack. It stands as one of the first and most vigorous rejections of Bolshevism by Europe’s anarchists.

6. Malatesta, Errico, Anarchy. Many editions, e.g., Freedom Press, 40 pages.

7. Bakunin, Michael, Marxism, Freedom and the State. Freedom Press, 1950, 63 pages. A short
compilation of key passages from Bakunin (by K.J. Kenafick), which serves as a brief introduction to his thought.

8. Kropotkin, Peter, Anarchism and Anarchist Communism. Freedom Press, 64 pages. Two short introductions to anarchism, including Kropotkin’s famous article for the 1910 edition of Encyclopedia Britannica.

9. Berkman, Alexander, What Is Communist Anarchism? (1929). Parts Two and Three of this book (14 chapters) were reprinted in 1942 by Freedom Press as The ABC of Anarchism, 99 pages. Part One (18 chapters) was reprinted by Phoenix Press in 1989, as What is Communist Anarchism?, 117 pages.

10. Rosemont, Franklin, ed., Arsenal: Surrealist Subversion. Surrealism in the service of Revolution, Poetry, the Marvelous, Dream, Revolt, Freedom, Desire, Wilderness, & Love. Black Swan Press (#1, 1970, 80 pages; #2, 1973, 64 pages; #3, 1976, 120 pages; #4, 1989, 224 pages). "The most brilliant invective in American literature. Angry. Uncompromising. Provocative. Mindblowing perspectives on just about everything. Total revolt. A must read for anyone who seriously hates capitalism." (from What’s Left in Boston, June, 1989).

11. Roediger, Dave, and Franklin Rosemont, eds., Haymarket Scrapbook. Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company, 1986, 255 pages.

12. Pateman, Carole, The Problem of Political Obligation: A Critique of Liberal Theory. California U.P., 1979, 222 pages. The best discussion so far of the principle of "self-assumed political obligation", and of political authority in general. Together with her first book, Participation and Democratic Theory (1970) and her third book, The Sexual Contract (1988), this body of work represents the most brilliant and devastating critique of liberal democratic theory so far, and a defense of direct democracy and hence of anarchism.

13. De Cleyre, Voltairine, The First Mayday: the Haymarket Speeches 1895-1910. With an introduction, notes and bibliography by Paul Avrich. Cienfuegos Press, Libertarian Book Club, and Soil of Liberty, 1980, 53 pages. Passionate, powerful oratory by one of America’s greatest anarchists.

14. Castoriadis, Cornelius, Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy: Essays in Political Philosophy. Oxford UP, 1991, 304 pages. Castoriadis’ most accessible essays since his writings for Socialism or Babarism in the fifties. One of the strongest recent philosophical defenses of direct democracy, with a theory of knowledge to match it.

15. p.m., bolo’bolo. Semiotext(e), 1985, 198 pages. A very creative and provocative attempt to envision an anarchist society, complete with a new vocabulary to describe it.

16. Shanin, Teodor, ed., Late Marx and the Russian Road: Marx and ‘The Peripheries of Capitalism’. Monthly Review, 1983, 286 pages. This highly stimulating book should dispel forever the belief among some anarchists that the work of Marx is not relevant to the struggle for liberation, freedom, and anarchy.

17. Korsch, Karl, Marxism and Philosophy (1923, 1930). New Left Books, 1970, 159 pages.

A brilliant philosophical rejection of both Leninism and Social Democracy by a left German communist, council communist, and anarcho-syndicalist. Korsch helped bring Hegel back into Marxism in the twenties, and helped lay the foundation for a third road, an anti-statist road, that is, the anarchist road, to communism.

18. Macdonald, Dwight, The Root is Man (1946). Originally published in Politics, MacDonald’s very innovative and iconoclastic journal of the 1940s. Republished by Autonomedia in 1995. It is Macdonald’s break with totalitarian marxism, written in the 1940s in New York, coming out of "a larger anti-totalitarian anarchist, pacifist and independent Marxist milieu". A very stimulating book.

General Introductions

1. Harper, Clifford, Anarchy: A Graphic Guide. Camden Press, 1987, 196 pages.

2. Guerin, Daniel, Anarchism: From Theory to Practice. Monthly Review Press, 1970, 166 pages.

3. Walter, Nicolas, About Anarchism. Freedom Press, 1969, 38 pages.

4. Rocker, Rudolf, Anarcho-Syndicalism (1938). Pluto Press, 1989, 166 pages.

5. Ford, Earl C., and William Z. Foster, Syndicalism (1912). Reprinted in 1990 by Charles H. Kerr, with an introduction by James R. Barrett, 47 pages.

6. Maximoff, G.P., Constructive Anarchism (1930, English edition in 1952). Republished in 1988 by Monty Miller Press, Syndey, pamphlet no. 8, 42 pages. (Part two of the original book was published separately as The Program of Anarcho-Syndicalism, pamphlet no. 4, 64 pages.)


1. Woodcock, George, Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements. World Publishing Company, 1962, 504 pages (in the Meridian paperback edition of 1967).

2. Nettlau, Max, A Short History of Anarchism. Freedom Press, 1996, 406 pages. Just recently translated and published in English for the first time. It was intended by its author as a brief "guide" to the movements and literature of anarchism. His more comprehensive History of Anarchism, running to nine volumes, has only recently been published in its entirety for the first time (in German). Nettlau is the greatest historian of anarchism so far.

3. Joll, James, The Anarchists. Little, Brown, 1964, 303 pages.

4. Eltzbacher, Paul, Anarchism: Exponents of the Anarchist Philosophy. Freedom Press, 1960, 272 pages.

5. Cole, G.D.H., A History of Socialist Thought, Macmillan, 1962, 5 vols. The first two volumes of this intellectual history have much relevant material on anarchism: vol. 1, The Forerunners 1789-1850, and Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890.

6. Avrich, Paul, The Russian Anarchists. Princeton University Press, 1967, 303 pages.

7. Yaroslavsky, E., History of Anarchism in Russia. International Publishers, 1937, 127 pages.

8. Schuster, Eunice Minette, Native American Anarchism: A Study of Left-Wing American Individualism (1932). Reissued by Loompanics Unlimited, 1983, 202 pages.

9. Jacker, Corinne, The Black Flag of Anarchy: Antistatism in the United States. Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1968, 211 pages.

10. Reichert, William O., Partisans of Freedom: A Study of American Anarchism. Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1976, 602 pages.

11. Bookchin, Murray, The Spanish Anarchists: The Heroic Years 1868-1936. Harper, 1977, 344 pages.

12. Bookchin, Murray, The Third Revolution: Popular Movements in the Revolutionary Era. Cassell. Vol. 1 (1996), Vol. 2 (1998), Vol. 3 (not yet published). Volume one covers the peasant revolts in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, the English Revolution, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution. Volume two "deals primarily with the major nineteenth- century uprisings of the French working class, from the Revolution of 1830 through the Revolution of 1848 to the Paris Commune of 1871." It also covers the First International.

13. Rexroth, Kenneth, Communalism: From Its Origins to the Twentieth Century. Seabury Press, 316 pages.

14. Dirlik, A., Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution. California U.P., 1991.

15. Marshall, P., Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism. Fontana, 1994.

16. Ha Ki Rak, History of Korean Anarchist Movement. Anarchist Publishing Committee, Seoul, 1986.

17. Fernandez, F., Cuba: The Anarchists and Liberty. ASP, Longon, 1986.


1. Krimerman, Leonard I., and Lewis Perry, eds., Patterns of Anarchy: A Collection of Writings on the Anarchist Tradition. Doubleday Anchor, 1966, 570 pages.

2. Apter, David E., and James Joll, eds., Anarchism Today. Doubleday Anchor, 1972, 274 pages.

3. Goodway, David, ed., For Anarchism: History, Theory, Practice. Routledge, 1989, 288 pages.

4. Purkis, Jon, and James Bowen, eds., Twenty-First Century Anarchism: Unorthodox Ideas for a New Millennium. Continuum, 1997, 214 pages.

5. Ehrlich, Howard J., Re-Inventing Anarchy, Again. AK Press, 1996, 386 pages.

6. Ward, Colin, A Decade of Anarchy 1961-1970. Freedom Press, 287 pages.

7. Roussopoulos, Dimitrios I., ed., The Anarchist Papers. Black Rose Books, 3 vols, 1989 (vol. 2), 175, 192, 168 pages respectively.

8. Woodcock, George, The Anarchist Reader. Fontana, 1977.

9. Guerin, Daniel, No Gods No Masters: An Anthology of Anarchism (1980). AK Press and the Kate Sharpley Library, 1998, 2 vols, 276 and 294 pages.

10. Breton, Andre, What is Surrealism: Selected Writings. Edited by Franklin Rosemont. Monad Press, 1978, 389 pages.

11. Knabb, Ken, ed., Situationist International. Bureau of Public Secrets, 1981, 406 pages.

12. Arato, Andrew, and Eike Gebbhardt, eds., The Essential Frankfurt School Reader. Continuum, 1982, 559 pages.

13. Horvat, Branko, Mihailo Markovic, and Rudi Supek, eds., Self-Governing Socialism: A Reader. International Arts and Sciences Press, 1975, 2 vols., 490 and 327 pages.

14. Root & Branch, eds., Root and Branch: The Rise of the Workers’ Movements. Fawcett, 1975, 544 pages.

15. Horowitz, Irving L.,ed., The Anarchists. Dell, 1964, 640 pages.

16. Silverman, Henry J., editor, American Radical Thought: The Libertarian Tradition. Heath, 1970, 452 pages.

Major Figures and Classic Texts

Gerrard Winstanley (1609-1676)

1. The Writings of Gerrard Winstanley. Edited by G.H. Sabine, Cornell, 1941.

2. Winstanley: the Law of Freedom and Other Writings. Edited by Christopher Hill, Cambridge, 1973.

3. Gerrard Winstanley: Selected Writings. Edited by Andrew Hopton, Aparia Press, 1989, 117 pages.

Thomas Spence (1750-1814)

1. Pigs’ Meat: Selected Writings of Thomas Spence. With an introductory essay and notes
by G. I. Gallop, Spokesman, 1982, 192 pages.

William Godwin (1756-1836)

1. Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, and its Influence on Modern Morals and Happiness (1793). Penguin, 1985, 825 pages.


Woodcock, George, William Godwin: A Biographical Study. Reissued by Black Rose Press, 1989, 280 pages.

Robert Owen (1771-1858)

1. A New View of Society and Other Writings. Everyman’s Library, Dent & Dutton, 1927, 298 pages.


Morton, A.L., The Life and Ideas of Robert Owen, Monthly Review Press, 1963, 187 pages.

Charles Fourier (1772-1837)

1. The Utopian Vision of Charles Fourier: Selected Texts on Work, Love, and Passionate Attraction. Translated, edited, and with an introduction by Jonathan Beecher and Richard Biennevu, Beacon press, 1971, 427 pages. This is probably the best anthology of Fourier’s writings, although there have been others, e.g., Selections from the Works of Fourier, intro by Charles Gide, Allen & Unwin, 1901, 208 pages (reprinted by Schocken, 1971). Until the following work was translated in 1996, none of Fourier’s books had appeared in their entirety, as far as I know.

2. Fourier: The Theory of the Four Movements. Cambridge, 1996, 364 pages.


Beecher, Jonathan, Charles Fourier: The Visionary and His World. California U.P., 1986, 600 pages.

Max Stirner (1806-1856)

1. The Ego and Its Own: The Case of the Individual Against Authority. Several editions. Cambridge, 1995, 428 pages.

2. False Principle of Our Education, or, Humanism and Realism. Reprinted by Ralph Myles Publisher, 1984.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865)

1. Selected Writings of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Edited with an introduction by Steward Edwards, Doubleday Anchor, 1969, 276 pages. The best introduction to Proudhon’s thought in English if you can find a copy. Remarkably little of Proudhon’s voluminous writings have been translated into English.

2. What is Property? An Enquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government. Howard Fertig, 1966, 457 pages.

3. General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century. Haskell House, 1969, 302 pages.

4. The Principle of Federation (1863). (1st part and 1st chapter of 2nd part only). Translated with an introduction by Richard Vernon (not to be confused with Vernon Richards of Freedom Press), Toronto U.P., 1979, 86 pages.

5. System of Economic Contradictions: Or the Poverty of Misery (1846). Ayer Company Publishers, 1972, 482 pages.


Woodcock, George, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Routledge, 1956, 280 pages.

Lubac, Henri de, S.J., The Un-Marxian Socialist: A Study of Proudhon. Sheed & Ward, New York, 1948, 304 pages.

Condit, Stephen, Proudhonist Materialism & Revolutionary Doctrine. Cienfuegos Press, 1982, 43 pages.

Hyams, Edward, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: His Revolutionary Life, Mind & Works. John Murray, 1979, 304 pages.

Jackson, J. Hampden, Marx, Proudhon and European Socialism. Macmillan, 1957. Collier edition in 1962, 155 pages.

Dana, Charles A., Proudhon and His ‘Bank of the People’. Charles H. Kerr, 1984 (reprint).

Ritter, Alan, The Political Thought of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Princeton, 1969, 222 pages.

Proudhon’s Solution of the Social Problem. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Henry Cohen, Charles A. Dana, William Batchelder Greene, Revisionist Press, 1980.

Michael Bakunin (1814-1876)

1. Bakunin on Anarchy: Selected Works by the Activist-Founder of World Anarchism. Edited, translated and with an introduction by Sam Dolgoff. Preface by Paul Avrich. Knopf, New York, 1972, 405 pages, plus index. The best source in English of writings by Bakunin. Has a bibliography of his writings.

2. Statism and Anarchy (1873). Cambridge U.P., 1990, 243 pages. The first English translation of Bakunin’s only book length work.

3. Marxism, Freedom and the State. Freedom Press, 1950, 63 pages

4. God and the State. Introduction by Paul Avrich, Dover, 1970, 89 pages.


Carr, E.H., Michael Bakunin (1937). Vintage, 1961, 511 pages, plus index.

Masters, Anthony, Bakunin: The Father of Anarchism. Dutton, 1974, 279 pages.

Ravindranathan, T.R., Bakunin and the Italians. McGill, 1988, 332 pages.

Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)

1. Kropotkin’s Revolutionary Pamphlets. First published 1927, Reissued 1968, Benjamin Blom, New York, 307 pages. I’ve always thought that this was the best introduction to Kropotkin. It reprints 14 essays on a wide range of topics, has an introduction and a biographical sketch by Roger Baldwin, and a good bibliography of Kropotkin’s writings.

2. Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution. Many editions, e.g., Extending Horizons Books, 362 pages.

3. Ethics: Origin and Development. Dial Press, 1924, 349 pages.

4. Fields, Factories, and Workshops or Industry combined with agriculture and brain work with manual work. Many editions, e.g., Greenwood Press, 1968, 249 pages.

5. Selected Writings on Anarchism and Revolution. Edited by Martin Miller, MIT Press, 1970, 374 pages.

6. Memoirs of a Revolutionist. (First English edition, 1899.) Many editions. Folio Society, 1978, edited and introduced by Colin Ward, 338 pages.


Woodcock, George, Peter Kropotkin: From Prince to Rebel. Reissued by Black Rose Press, 1990, 490 pages.

Errico Malatesta (1850-1932)

1. Errico Malatesta: His Life & Ideas. Compiled and edited by Vernon Richards, Freedom Press, 1965, 309 pages.

2. The Anarchist Revolution: Polemical Articles 1924-1931. Freedom Press, 1995, 123 pages. Edited and introduced by Vernon Richards.

Lucy Parsons (1853-1942)

1. Lucy Parsons Speaks. Charles H. Kerr, 2000, 208 pages.

2. The Famous Speeches of the Eight Chicago Anarchists in Court (editor). Reprinted in 1974 by Ayer Company Publishers.

3. The Life of Albert R. Parsons (editor).


Ashbaugh, Carolyn, Lucy Parsons: American Revolutionary. Charles Kerr, 1976, 288 pages.

Herman Gorter (1864-1927)

1. Open Letter to Comrade Lenin: A Reply to ‘Left-Wing Communism, an Infantile Disorder’ (by Lenin) (1920). Republished finally by Wildcat in September 1989.

2. Pannekoek and Gorter’s Marxism. Edited by D.A. Smart, Pluto Press, 1978, 176 pages.

Voltairine de Cleyre (1866-1912)

1. Selected Works of Voltairine de Cleyre. Edited by Alexander Berkman, Mother Earth Publishing, 1914. Reprinted 1992, Reprint Services Corporation ($75).

2. The First Mayday: The Haymarket Speeches 1895-1910. With an introduction, notes and bibliography by Paul Avrich. Cienfuegos Press, Libertarian Book Club, and Soil of Liberty, 1980, 53 pages.

3. Written in Red: Selected Poems. Introduction by Franklin Rosemont, Charles Kerr, 1991.


Avrich, Paul, An American Anarchist: The Life of Voltairine de Cleyre. Princeton U.P., 1978, 266 pages.

Emma Goldman (1869-1940)

1. Red Emma Speaks: An Emma Goldman Reader (1972). Compiled and edited by Alix Kates Shulman, with a new introduction and three new essays, Schocken Books, 1983, 460 pages.

2. Anarchism and Other Essays. With a new introduction by Richard Drinnon, Dover, 1969, 271 pages.

3. Vision on Fire: Emma Goldman on the Spanish Revolution. Edited with introductions by David Porter, Commonground Press, 1983, 346 pages.

4. My Dissillusionment in Russia, and My Further Disillusionment with Russia, 1923.

5. The Emma Goldman Papers. Web site at

6. The Social Significance of Modern Drama. The Applause Theatre Book Publishers, 1987.

7. Living My Life (1931). Dover, 1970, 2 vols.

8. Nowhere at Home: Letters from Exile of Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, edited by Richard and Anna Maria Drinnon, Schocken Books, 1975, 282 pages.


Drinnon, Richard, Rebel in Paradise: A Biography of Emma Goldman. Chicago U.P., 1961, 349 pages.

Alexander Berkman (1870-1936)

1. Life of an Anarchist: The Alexander Berkman Reader. Edited by Gene Fellner, Four Walls Eight Windows. 1992, 354 pages.

2. The Bolshevik Myth. Boni and Liveright, 1925.

3. What Is Communist Anarchism? (1929). Parts Two and Three of this book (14 chapters) were reprinted in 1942 by Freedom Press as The ABC of Anarchism, 99 pages. Part One (18 chapters) was reprinted by Phoenix Press in 1989, as What is Communist Anarchism?, 117 pages.

4. The Russian Tragedy. Phoenix Press, 1968. "(This edition also includes The Kronstadt Rebellion and The Russian Revolution and the Communist Party, the latter pamphlet written by four Moscow anarchists and translated by Berkman. The Three pamphlets were all originally published in 1922.)"-- Gene Fellner.

5. Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist (1912). Frontier Press, Pitsburgh, 1970, 538 pages.

Gustav Landauer (1870-1919)

1. For Socialism (1911). Telos Press, 1978, 150 pages.


Lunn, Eugene, Prophet of Community: The Romantic Socialism of Gustav Landauer. California U.P., 1973, 434 pages. Has a 20-page bibliography of and about Landauer, as well as general works.

Anton Pannekoek (1873-1960)

1. Pannekoek and the Workers’ Councils. Edited by Serge Bricianer, intro by John Gerber, Telos Press, 1978, 304 pages.

2. Pannekoek and Gorter’s Marxism. Edited and introduced by D.A. Smart, Pluto Press, 1978, 176 pages.

3. Lenin as Philosopher: A Critical Examination of the Philosophical Basis of Leninism (1938). Republished by Merlin Press in 1975 from the 1st English edition of 1948.

4. Workers Councils (1950). Never so far reprinted as a complete book. Reprinted as four pamphlets by Echanges et Mouvement (no date, ‘80s sometime ?).

Rudolf Rocker (1873-1958)

1. Anarcho-Syndicalism (1938). Pluto Press, 1989, 166 pages

2. Nationalism and Culture. Covici Friede Publishers, New York, 1937, 547 pages.


Graur, Mina, An Anarchist "Rabbi": The Life and Teachings of Rudolf Rocker. St. Martin’s Press, 1997, 272 pages.

Ricardo Flores Magon (1874-1922)

1. Land & Liberty: Anarchist Influences in the Mexican Revolution. Cienfeugos Press, 1977, 156 pages.

Sylvia Pankhurst (1882-1960)

1. A Sylvia Pankhurst Reader. Edited by Kathryn Dodd, Manchester U.P., 1993, 248 pages.


Romero, Patricia W., E. Sylvia Pankhurst: Portrait of a Radical. Yale, 1987, 334 pages.

Randolph Bourne (1886-1918)

1. The Radical Will: Selected Writings 1911-1918. Urizen Press, 1977, 548 pages.

2. The World of Randolph Bourne: An anthology of essays and letters. Edited by Lillian Schlissel. Dutton, 1965, 333 pages.


Filler, Louis, Randolph Bourne. Citadel Press, 1966, 158 pages.

Karl Korsch (1889-1961)

1. Karl Korsch: Revolutionary Theory. Edited by Douglas Kellner, University of Texas Press, 1977, 299 pages.

2. Marxism and Philosophy (1923, 1930). New Left Books, 1970, 159 pages.

3. Three Essays on Marxism. Monthly Review Press, 1971, 71 pages.

4. Karl Marx (1938). Russell and Russell, 1963, 247 pages.


Goode, Patrick, Karl Korsch: A Study in Western Marxism. Macmillan, 1979, 239 pages.

Nestor Makhno (1889-1934)

1. The Struggle Against the State and Other Essays. AK Press, 1996, 114 pages.

Herbert Read (1893-1968)

1. A One-Man Manifesto. Freedom Press, 1994, 205 pages. (Selected articles 1938-1953, edited and introduced by David Goodway.)

2. Art and Society. 1937

3. Poetry and Anarchism. 1938.

4. Anarchy and Order.

Paul Mattick (1904-198?)

1. Anti-Bolshevik Communism. M.E. Sharpe, 1978, 231 pages.

2. Critique of Marcuse. Herder and Herder, 1972, 110 pages.

3. Marx and Keynes: The Limits of the Mixed Economy.

4. Economic Crisis and Crisis Theory. Merlin Press, 1981, 227 pages.

5. Economics, Politics, and the Age of Inflation.

Paul Goodman (1911-1972)

1. Drawing the Line: The Political Essays of Paul Goodman. Edited by Taylor Stoehr, Free Life Editions, New York, 1977, 272 pages.

2. Utopian Essays and Practical Proposals. Random House, 1962, 289 pages.

3. People or Personnel: Decentralizing and the Mixed System. Random House, 1965, 247 pages.

4. Growing Up Absurd. Vintage, 1960, 296 pages.

5. Communitas: Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life. (With Percival Goodman). Random House, 1947, 248 pages (Vintage edition).

6. Format and Anxiety: Paul Goodman Critiques the Media. Edited by Taylor Stoehr, Autonomedia, 1995, 250 pages.

7. Decentralizing Power: Paul Goodman’s Social Criticism. Edited by Taylor Stoehr, Black Rose Books, 1994, 204 pages.

8. Other works: Five Years: Thoughts During a Useless Time; Speaking and Language: Defence of Poetry; Compulsory Mis-education; The Community of Scholars; Adam and His Works: Collected Stories of Paul Goodman; Like a Conquered Province: The Moral Ambiguity of America; Nature Heals: The Psychological Essays of Paul Goodman; The Society I Live In Is Mine; and many others.

George Woodcock (1912 - )

1. Power to Us All: Constitution or Social Contract. Harbor Publishing, 1992, 191 pages.

2. Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements. World Publishing Co., 1962, 504 pages.

3. Anarchism and Anarchists. Quarry Press, 1992, 268 pages.

4. Powers of Observation: Familiar Essays. Quarry Press.

Plus biographies or George Orwell, Proudhon, Godwin.

Murray Bookchin (1921 - )

1. Post-Scarcity Anarchism. Ramparts Press, 1971, 288 pages.

2. Remaking Society: Pathways to a Green Future. South End Press, 1990, 222 pages.

3. Social Anarchism or Lifestyle Anarchism: An Unbridgeable Chasm. AK Press, 1995, 86 pages.

4. The Ecology of Freedom: The Emergence and Dissolution of Hierarchy. Chesire Books, 1982, 385 pages.

5. Urbanization without Cities: The Rise and Decline of Citizenship. Black Rose Books.1992, 316 pages.

6. The Murray Bookchin Reader, ed. by Janet Biehl. Continuum, 1997, 288 pages.

And Many More.

Colin Ward (1924- )

1. Anarchy in Action. Freedom Press, 1973, 2nd edition 1982, 152 pages.

2. Freedom to Go: After the Motor Age. Freedom Press, 1991, 112 pages.

3. Talking Houses. Freedom Press, 1990, 142 pages.

4. Housing: An Anarchist Approach.

5. When We Build Again: Let’s Have Housing That Works! Pluto Press, 1985, 127 pages.

6. Talking Schools. Freedom Press, 1995, 141 pages.

7. The Child in the City. Pantheon, 1978, 221 pages.

8. Tenants Take Over. Architectural Press, 1974.

9. Art and the Built Environment (with Eileen Adams). Longman.

And many more.

Max Nomad

1. Rebels and Renegades (1932)

2. Apostles of Revolution (1939)

3. Aspects of Revolt. Noonday Press, 1960, 311 pages.

4. Political Heretics: From Plato to Mao Tse-tung. Michigan U.P., 1963, 367 pages.

Paul Avrich

1. Anarchist Portraits. Princeton, 1988, 316 pages.

2. Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background. Princeton, 1991, 265 pages.

3. The Russian Anarchists. Norton, 1978, 303 pages.

4. Kronstadt 1921. Norton, 1970, 271 pages.

5. Russian Rebels: 1600-1800. Norton, 1990, 309 pages.

6. An American Anarchist: The Life of Voltairine de Cleyre. Princeton, 1978, 266 pages.

7. The Modern School Movement: Anarchism and Education in the United States. Princeton, 1980, 447 pages.

8. The Haymarket Tragedy. Princeton, 1984, 535 pages.

9. Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in the America. Princeton, 1996, 296 pages (abridged edition, the full text is 500+ pages).

Noam Chomsky [1928- ]

1. Radical Priorities. Black Rose Books, 1981, 307 pages.

2. Powers & Prospects: Reflections on Human Nature and the Social Order. South End Press, 1996, 244 pages.

3. Profit Over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order. Seven Stories Press, 1999, 175 pages.

4. The Chomsky Reader. Pantheon, 1987, 492 pages.

And dozens more.

Major Movements, Events, Social Experiments, Schools of Thought, and Special Topics

Peasant Wars

1. Berce, Yves-Marie, History of Peasant Revolts: The Social Origins of Rebellion in Early Modern France. Cornell, 1990, 359 pages.

2. Lindsay, Philip, and Reg Groves, The Peasants’ Revolt 1381. Hutchinson, no date, 184 pages.

3. Mousnier, Roland, Peasant Uprisings in Seventeenth-Century France, Russia, and China. Harper, 1970, 358 pages.

4. Kautsky, Karl, Communism in Central Europe in the Time of the Reformation. Russell & Russell, 1959, 293 pages.

5. Lambert, Malcolm, Medieval Heresy: Popular Movements from the Gregorian Reform to the Reformation. Blackwell, 1977, 449 pages.

6. Engels, Frederick, The Peasant War in Germany. International Publishers, 1966, 191 pages.

7. Cohn, Norman, The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages. Oxford, 1970 (revised and expanded), 412 pages.

English Revolution

1. Petegorsky, David W., Left-Wing Democracy in the English Civil War, Victor Gollancz, London, 1940, 254 pages.

2. Gerrard Winstanley, Winstanley: The Law of Freedom and Other Writings. Edited by Christopher Hill, Cambridge, 1973.

3. Zagorin, Perez, A History of Political Thought in the English Revolution. Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1954, 208 pages.

4. Hill, Christopher, The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas during the English Revolution (1972). Peregrine Books, 1984, 431 pages.

5. Coppe, Abiezer, Selected Writings. Aporia Press, 1987, 111 pages.

6. Brailsford, H.N., The Levellers and the English Revolution. Cresset Press, 1961, 715 pages.

7. Aylmer, G.E., ed., The Levellers in the English Revolution. Thames and Hudson, 1975, 180 pages.

8. Morton, A.L., ed., Freedom in Arms: A Selection of Leveller Writings. Lawrence and Wishart, 1975, 354 pages.

9. Hill, Christopher, The Century of Revolution: 1603-1714. Norton, 1961, 340 pages.

10. Hill, Christopher, The Experience of Defeat: Milton and Some Contemporaries. Viking, 1984, 342 pages.

11. Bernstein, Eduard, Cromwell and Communism: Socialism and Democracy in the Great English Revolution (1895), Schocken, 1963, 287 pages.

American Revolution

1. "The American Revolution", Part III, Chs. 9-14, in Murray Bookchin, The Third Revolution, Vol. 1. This can serve as an introduction to the revolution as seen from the bottom up. Bookchin appends a short bibliographical essay about relevant sources. There is, unfortunately, no single book yet that gives us an adequate history, that I know of. Amazingly, this story still has to be pieced together.

2. Paine, Thomas, The Thomas Paine Reader. Penguin Classics, 1987, 536 pages.

3. Storing, Herbert J., The Anti-Federalist: Writings of the Opponents of the Constitution. Selected by Murray Dry from The Complete Anti-Federalist. Chicago U.P., 1981, 374 pages.

4. Storing, Herbert J., What the Anti-Federalists Were For: The Political Thought of the Opponents of the Constitution. Chicago U.P., 1987, 111 pages.

5. Aptheker, Herbert, The American Revolution, 1763-1783. 1960, 304 pages.

6. Lemisch, Jesse, "The American Revolution Seen from the Bottom Up," in Towards a New Past, ed., by Barton Berstein, Pantheon, 1968.

7. Lynd, Staughton, Class Conflict, Slavery, and the United States Constitution: Ten Essays. Bobbs-Merrill, 1967, 288 pages.

8. Szatmary, David P., Shays’ Rebellion: The Making of an Agrarian Insurrection. Massachusetts U.P., 1980.

9. Main, Jackson Turner, The Anti-Federalists: Critics of the Constitution 1781-1788. Norton, 1961, 308 pages.

10. Jensen, Merrill, The Articles of Confederation: An Interpretation of the Social-Constitutional History of The American Revolution 1774-1781. Wisconsin U.P., 1940, 284 pages.

11. Ryerson, Richard Alan, The Revolution Is Now Begun: The Radical Committees of Philadelphia, 1765-1776. Pennsylvania U.P., 1978, 305 pages.

The Haitian Revolution of 1791-1803

1. James, C.L.R., The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. Dial Press, 1938, 328 pages.

French Revolution

1. Soboul, Albert, The Sans-Culottes: the Popular Movement and Revolutionary Government 1793-1794. (1968). Princeton, 1980, 279 pages.

2. Hobsbawn, E.J., Echoes of the Marseillaise: Two Centuries Look Back on the French Revolution. Rutgers, 1990, 144 pages. The literature on the French Revolution is of course vast. This can serve as an introduction to the literature and the debates, although written from a marxist point of view.

3. Bookchin, Murray, "The French Revolution," Part IV, Chs. 15-21, in The Third Revolution.

4. Wallerstein, Immanuel, Unthinking Social Science. (Chapters on the French Revolution). Blackwell, 1991, 220 pages.


1. Robertson, Priscilla, Revolutions of 1848: A Social History. Princeton, 1952, 464 pages.

2. Stearns, Peter N., 1848: The Revolutionary Tide in Europe. Norton, 1974, 278 pages.

3. Duveau, Georges, 1848: The Making of a Revolution. Random House, 1967, 254 pages.

Paris Commune

1. Edwards, Stewart, The Paris commune 1871. Quadrangle Books, 1971, 417 pages.

2. Schulkind, Eugene, ed., The Paris Commune of 1871: The View from the Left. Jonathan Cape, 1972, 308 pages. Good bibliography. A documentary history, including interpretations by Bakunin, Kropotkin, Marx, and Engels.

3. Lissagaray, P.-O., History of The Commune of 1871. Fisher Unwin, 1902, 500 pages. Written by a communard.

4. Mason, Edward S., The Paris Commune: An Episode in the History of the Socialist Movement. Macmillan, 1930, 386 pages.

5. Christiansen, Rupert, Paris Babylon: The Story of the Paris Commune. Penguin, 1994, 435 pages.

6. Marx, Karl, and Frederick Engels, On the Paris Commune, Progress Publishers, 1971, 357 pages.


1. Roediger, Dave, and Franklin Rosemont, eds., Haymarket Scrapbook. Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company, 1986, 255 pages. Has a good bibliography.

2. Foner, Philip S., ed., The Autobiographies of the Haymarket Martyrs. Monad Press, 1969, 198 pages.

3. Avrich, Paul, The Haymarket Tragedy. Princeton, 1984, 535 pages.

The Mexican Revolution

1. Womack, John, Jr., Zapata and the Mexican Revolution.1968, Vintage, 435 pages.

2. Reed, John, Insurgent Mexico (1914). International Publishers, 1969, 292 pages.

3. Milton, Robert P., Zapata: The Ideology of a Peasant Revolutionary. International Publishers, 1969, 159 pages.

4. Magon, Ricardo Flores, Land & Liberty: Anarchist Influences in the Mexican Revolution. Ciefuegos Press, 1977, 156 pages.

5. Hart, John Mason, Anarchism and the Mexican Working Class, 1860-1931. Texas U.P., 1990, 259 pages.

Russian Soviets

1. Kaiser, Daniel H., ed., The Workers’ Revolution in Russia, 1917: The View from Below. Cambridge U.P., 1987, 152 pages.

2. Edelman, Robert, Proletarian Peasants: The Revolution of 1905 in Russia’s Southwest. Cornell U.P., 1987, 195 pages.

3. Avrich, Paul, ed., The Anarchists in the Russian Revolution. Cornell U.P., 1973, 179 pages.

4. Anweiler, Byoskar, The Soviets: The Russian Workers, Peasants, and Soldiers Councils 1904-1921 (1958). Pantheon, 1974, 337 pages.

5. Avrich, Paul, Kronstadt 1921. Princeton, 1970, 271 pages.

6. Mett, Ida, The Kronstadt Uprising (1938). Introduction by Murray Bookchin, Black Rose Books, 1971, 93 pages.

7. Brinton, Maurice, The Bolsheviks & Workers’ Control: The State and Counter-Revolution. Solidarity (London), 1970, 89 pages.

8. Voline, The Unknown Revolution 1917-1921 (1947). Foreward by Rudolf Rocker, Black Rose Books, 1990, 717 pages.

9. Arshinov, Peter, History of the Makhnovist Movement (1918-1921). Preface by Voline. Translated by Lorraine and Fredy Perlman, Black & Red, Detroit, 1974, 284 pages.

The Failed German Revolution

1. Haffner, Sebastian, Failure of a Revolution: Germany 1918-1919. Banner Press, 1973, 211 pages.

2. Carsten, F.L., Revolution in Central Europe 1918-1919. California U.P., 1972, 360 pages.

The Wobblies

1. Bird, Stewart, Dan Georgakas, Deborah Shaffer, Solidarity Forever: An Oral History of the IWW. Lake View Press, 1985, 247 pages.

2. De Caux, Len, The Living Spirit of the Wobblies. International Publishers, 1978, 156 pages.

3. Werstein, Irving, Pie in the Sky: An American Struggle: The Wobblies and Their Times. Delacorte Press, 1969, 139 pages.

4. Renshaw, Patrick, The Wobblies: The Story of Syndicalism in the United States. Doubleday, 1967, 312 pages.

5. Salerno, Salvatore, ed., Direct Action and Sabotage: Three Classic IWW Pamphlets from the 1910s (by Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Walker C. Smith, and William E. Trautman). Charles H. Kerr, 1997.

6. Dubofsky, Melvyn, We Shall Be All: A History of the The Industrial Workers of the World. Quadrangle, 1969, 557 pages.

7. Winters, Donald E., Jr., The Soul of the Wobblies: The I.W.W., Religion, and American Culture in the Progressive Era, 1905-1917. Greenwood Press, 1985, 159 pages.

8. McGuckin, Henry E., Memoirs of a Wobbly. Charles H. Kerr, 1987, 94 pages.

9. Kornbluh, Joyce L., ed., Rebel Voices: An IWW Anthology. Charles H. Kerr, 1988, 447 pages.

10. Kellerman, Steve, "Annotated Bibliography of Books on the Industrial Workers of the World, Anarcho-Syndicalist Review, No. 27, Winter, 1999, pp. 25-29.

The British General Strike of 1926

1. Morris, Margaret, The General Strike (of 1926). Penguin, 1976, 479 pages.

Spanish Revolution

1. Richards, Vernon, Lessons of the Spanish Revolution (1953, 1957, 1972). Freedom Press, 240 pages. Contains a lengthy bibliographical postscript (1972).

2. Souchy, Augustin, With the Peasants of Aragon: Libertarian Communism in a Liberated Area of Spain (1937). Cienfeugos Press, 1982, 76 pages.

3. Broue, Pierre, and Emile Termime, The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain (1961). MIT Press, 1970, 591 pages.

4. Bolloten, Burnett, The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution. North Carolina U.P., 1991, 1074 pages.

5. Borkenau, Franz, The Spanish Cockpit: An Eye-Witness Account of the Political and Social Conflicts of the Spanish Civil War. Michigan U.P., 1971, 303 pages.

6. Brenan, Gerald, The Spanish Labyrinth: An Account of the Social and Political Background of the Civil War. Cambridge U.P., 1943, 384 pages.

7. Paz, Abel, Durruti: The People Armed. Black Rose Books, 1976, 323 pages.

8. Leval, Gaston, Collectives in the Spanish Revolution. Freedom Press, 1975, 368 pages.

9. Peirats, Jose, Anarchists in the Spanish Revolution. Freedom Press, 1990, 388 pages.

10. Bookchin, Murray, The Spanish Anarchists: The Heroic Years 1868-1936. Harper, 1977, 344 pages.

11. Dolgoff, Sam, ed., The Anarchist Collectives: Worker’s Self-Management in Spain 1936-1939. Black Rose Books, 1974, 195 pages.

12. Bookchin, Murray, To Remember Spain: The Anarchist and Syndicalist Revolution of 1936. AK Press, 1994, 69 pp.

13. Orwell, George, Homage to Catalonia. Harcourt, 1969, 232 pages.

14. Mintz, Jerome R., The Anarchists of Casas Viejas. Chicago U.P., 1982, 336 pages.

15. Morrow, Felix, Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Spain. Pioneer Publishers, 1938, 195 pages.

16. Casas, Juan Gomez, Anarchist Organization: The History of the F.A.I. Black Rose Books, 1986, 261 pages.

17. Rocker, Rudolf, The Tragedy in Spain (1937). Reprinted in 1986 by ASP, BM Hurricane, London WC1 3XX, 48 pages.

18. Conlon, Eddie, The Spanish Civil War: Anarchism in Action. Workers Solidarity Movement, Dublin, 1986, 37 pages.

19. Goldmann, Emma, Vision on Fire: Emma Goldman on the Spanish Revolution. Commonground Press, 1983, 346 pages, edited by David Porter.

20. Ackelsberg, Martha A., Free Women of Spain: Anarchism and the Struggle for the Emancipation of Women. Indiana U.P., 1991, 229 pages.

21. The May Days: Barcelona 1937. Freedom Press, 1987, 126 pages. Essays by Jose Peirats, Augustin Souchy, Burnett Bolloten, Emma Goldman, and Vernon Richards.

22. The Spanish Civil War: A History in Pictures. Introduction by Raymond Carr, editing and captions by Ann Wilson, Norton, 1986, 192 pages.

23. Alexander, Robert, The Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War. Janus Publishing, 2000, 1487 pages, 2 volumes.

Hungarian Revolution

1. Anderson, Andy, Hungary ‘56. Solidarity (London), 1964. Black & Red (Detroit) 1976, 138 pages.

2. Pryce-Jones, David, The Hungarian Revolution. Horizon Press, New York, 1970, 127 pages, illustrated with numerous photographs.

3. Kopacsi, Sandor, In the Name of the Working Class: The Inside Story of the Hungarian Revolution. Grove Press, 1986, 304 pages.

4. 1956 -- The Hungarian Revolution. Council Communist Pamphlet No. 1. 1984, 24 pages, by Scorcher Publications.

5. The Hungarian Workers’ Revolution. Published by the Syndicalist Workers’ Federation, in 1957, 19 pages.

6. Lomax, Bill, Hungary 1956, Allison & Busby, 1976.

7. Lomax, Bill, ed., Eyewitness in Hungary. Spokesman, 1980.

8. James, C.L.R., Grace C. Lee, Pierre Chaulieu, Facing Reality (1958). Bewick Editions, 1974, 174 pages. A recasting of marxian revolutionary theory, in a workers councils direction, in light of the Hungarian Revolution.

9. Gadney, Reg, Cry Hungary! Uprising 1956. Atheneum, 1986, 184 pages.


1. Breines, Wini, Community and Organization in the New Left, 1962-1968: The Great Refusal. Praeger, 1982. Reissued by Rutgers, 1989, 187 pages.

2. Wallerstein, Immanuel, "1968: Revolution in the World-System," pp. 65-83 in his Geopolitics and Geoculture, Cambridge U.P., 1991.

3. Miller, James, Democracy is in the Streets: From Port Huron to The Siege of Chicago. Simon and Schuster, 1987, 431 pages.

4. Katsiaficas, George, The Imagination of the New Left: A Global Analysis of 1968. South End Press, 1987, 323 pages.

5. Vienet, Rene, Enrages and Situationists in the Occupation Movement, France, May ‘68. (1968). Autonomedia, 1992, 158 pages.

6. Williams, Raymond, ed., May Day Manifesto 1968. Penguin, 1968, 190 pages.

7. Fisera, Vladimir, ed., Writing on the Wall: France, May 1968: A Documentary Anthology. Allison and Busby, 1978, 325 pages.

8. Koning, Hans, Nineteen Sixty-Eight: A Personal Report. Norton, 1987, 194 pages.

9. Singer, Daniel, Prelude to Revolution: France in May 1968. Hill & Wang, 1970, 434 pages.

10. Barbour, Floyd B., ed., The Black Power Revolt. Porter Sargent, 1968, 287 pages.

11. Daniels, Robert V., Year of the Heroic Guerrilla: World Revolution and Counterrevolution in 1968. Harvard U.P., 1989, 280 pages.

12. Teodori, Massimo, ed., The New Left: A Documentary History. Bobbs-Merrill, 1969, 501 pages.

13. Albert, Judith Clavir and Stewart Edward Albert, The Sixties Papers: Documents of a Rebellious Decade. Praeger, 1984, 549 pages.

14. Long, Priscilla, ed., The New Left: A Collection of Essays. Introduction by Staughton Lynd, Porter Sargent, 1969, 475 pages.

15. Unger, Irwin, and Debi Unger, The Movement: A History of the American New Left 1959-1972. Dodd Mead, 1975, 218 pages.

Polish Solidarity

1. Singer, Daniel, The Road to Gdansk: Poland and the USSR. Monthly Review Press, 1981, 256 pages.

2. Kuron, Jacek, and Karol Modzelewski, Solidarnosc: The Missing Link: The Classic ‘Open Letter to the Party’ (1965), with a new introduction by Colin Barker, Bookmarks, 1982, 88 pages.

3. Persky, Stan and Henry Flam, eds., The Solidarity Sourcebook. New Star Books, 1982, 262 pages.

4. Ash, Timothy Garton, The Polish Revolution: Solidarity. Scribners, 1983, 388 pages.

5. Persky, Stan, At the Lenin Shipyard: Poland and the Rise of the Solidarity Trade Union. New Star Books, 1981, 251 pages.

The Zapatistas and the Revolt in Chiapas, Mexico (1994- )

1. Shadows of Tender Fury: The Letters and Communiques of Subcomandante Maarcos and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation. Introduction by John Ross. Monthly Review Press, 1995, 272 pages.

2. Womack, John, Jr., Rebellion in Chiapas: An Historical Reader. The New Press, 1999, 372 pages.

3. Holloway, John, and Eloina Pelaez, Zapatista! Reinventing Revolution in Mexico. Pluto Press, 1998, 201 pages.

4. Katzenberger, Elaine, First World, Ha Ha Ha! The Zapatista Challenge. City Lights, 1995, 258 pages.

5. Collier, George A., et. al., eds., Basta! Land & The Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapas. Food First, 1995, 235 pages.

6. Ross, John, Rebellion from the Roots: Indian Uprising in Chiapas. Common Courage Press, 1995, 404 pages.

Workers Control, Self-Management

1. Pannekoek, Anton, Workers Councils (1950). Never so far reprinted as a complete book. Reprinted as four pamphlets by Echanges et Mouvement (no date, ‘80s sometime ?).

2. Spriano, Paolo, The Occupation of the Factories: Italy 1920. Pluto Press, 1975, 212 pages.

3. Ostergaard, Geoffrey, The Tradition of Workers’ Control. Freedom Press, 1997, 154 pages.

4. Hunnius, Gerry, G. David Garson, and John Case, eds., Workers’ Control: A Reader on Labor and Social Change. Vintage, 1973, 493 pages.

5. Benello, George, From the Ground Up: Essays on Grassroots & Workplace Democracy. South End Press, 1992, 251 pages.

6. Krimerman, Len, and Frank Lindenfeld, When Workers Decide: Workplace Democracy Takes Root in North America. New Society Press, 1992, 308 pages. Has an extensive bibliography.

7. Vanek, Jaroslav, ed., Self-Management: Economic Liberation of Man. Penguin, 1975, 479 pages.

8. Coates, Ken, and Anthony Topham, Industrial Democracy in Great Britain: A Book of Readings and Witnesses for Workers’ Control. Macgibbon & Kee, 1968, 431 pages.

9. Bayat, Assef, Work, Politics, and Power: An International Perspective on Workers’ Control and Self-Management. Monthly Review Press, 1991, 243 pages.

10. Clegg, Ian, Workers’ Self-Management in Algeria. Monthly Review Press, 1971, 249 pages.

11. Gluckstein, Donny, The Western Soviets: Workers’ Councils versus Parliament 1915-1920. Bookmarks, 1985, 270 pages.

12. Shipway, Mark, Anti-Parliamentary Communism: The Movement for Workers’ Councils in Britain, 1917-45. St. Martin’s Press, 1988, 239 pages.

13. Sirianni, Carmen, Workers Control and Socialist Democracy: The Soviet Experience. Verso, 1982, 437 pages.

14. Anweiler, Byoskar, The Soviets: The Russian Workers, Peasants, and Soldiers Councils 1904-1921 (1958). Pantheon, 1974, 337 pages.

15. Brinton, Maurice, The Bolsheviks & Workers’ Control: The State and Counter-Revolution. Solidarity (London), 1970, 89 pages.

16. Fisera, Vladimir, ed., Workers’ Councils in Czechoslovakia: Documents and Essays: 1968-69. Allison and Busby, 1968, 199 pages.

17. Bermeo, Nancy Gina, The Revolution within the Revolution: Workers’ Control in rural Portugal. Princeton U.P., 1986, 263 pages.


1. Holloway, Mark, Heavens on Earth: Utopian Communities in America 1680-1880. Dover, 1966, 246 pages.

2. Nordhoff, Charles, The Communistic Societies of the United States (1875). Hillary House, 1961, 439 pages.

3. Spiro, Melford E., Kibbutz: Venture in Utopia. Schocken, 1970 (revised edition), 307 pages.

4. LeWarne, Charles Pierce, Utopias on Puget Sound 1885-1915. Washington U.P., 1975, 325 pages.

5. Veysey, Laurence, The Communal Experience: Anarchist & Mystical Communities in Twentieth-Century America. Phoenix, 1978, 495 pages.

6. Bestor, Arthur, Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian Origins and the Owenite Phase of Communitarian Socialism in America: 1663-1829. Pennsylvania U.P., 1970, 2nd expanded edition, 380 pages.

7. Zablocki, Benjamin, The Joyful Community: An Account of the Bruderhof, A Communal Movement now in its Third Generation. Penguin, 1971, 362 pages.

8. Richter, Peyton E., ed., Utopias: Social Ideals and Communal Experiments. Holbrook Press, 1971, 323 pages.

9. Cohen, Daniel, Not of the World: A History of the Commune in America. Follett, 1973, 224 pages.

10. Hine, Robert V., California’s Utopian Colonies (1953). California U.P., 1983, 209 pages.

11. Fogarty, Robert S., All Things New: American Communes and Utopian Movements 1860-1914. Chicago U.P., 1990, 286 pages.


1. Curl, John, History of Work Cooperation in America: Cooperatives, Cooperative Movements, Collectivity, and Communalism from Early America to the Present. Homeward Press, Berkeley, 1980, 58 pages.

League of the Iroquois

1. Morgan, Lewis Henry, League of the Iroquois (1851). Corinth Books, 1962, 477 pages.

Radical Democracy

1. Lummis, C. Douglas, Radical Democracy. Cornell U.P., 1996, 185 pages.

2. Fotopoulos, Takis, Towards an Inclusive Democracy: The Crisis of the Growth Economy and the Need for a New Liberatory Project. Cassell, 1997, 401 pages.

3. Bay, Christian, Strategies of Political Emancipation. Notre Dame U.P., 1981, 247 pages.

Radical Epistemology

1. Feyerabend, Paul, Science in a Free Society. Verso, 1978, 221 pages.

2. Feyerabend, Paul, Three Dialogues on Knowledge, Blackwell, 1991, 167 pages.

3. Kosik, Karel, Dialectics of the Concrete: A Study on Problems of Man and World, Reidel, 1976, 158 pages.

4. Goldmann, Lucien, Lukacs and Heidegger: Towards a New Philosophy (1960). Routledge, 1977, 112 pages.

5. Schmidt, James, Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Between Phenomenology and Structuralism. St. Martin’s, 1985, 214 pages.

6. Balibar, Etienne, Spinoza and Politics (1985). Verso, 1998, 136 pages.

7. Rose, Gillian, Hegel Contra Sociology. Humanities, 1981, 261 pages.

8. Schmidt, Alfred, The Concept of Nature in Marx (1962). New Left Books, 1971, 251 pages.

9. Ryan, Michael, Marxism and Deconstruction: A Critical Articulation. Johns Hopkins U.P., 1982, 232 pages.

10. Bernstein, Richard I., Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. Pennsylvania U.P., 1985, 284 pages.

11. Jonas, Hans, The Phenomenon of Life: Toward a Philosophical Biology. Chicago U.P., 1966, 303 pages.

12. Merleau-Ponty, Maruice, The Visible and the Invisible (1964), Northwestern U.P., 1968, 282 pages.

13. May, Todd, The Political Philosophy of Poststructuralist Anarchism. Penn State Press, 1994, 165 pages.

Anarchism in Fiction

1. LeGuin, Ursula K., The Dispossessed. Harper, 1974, 341 pages.

2. Piercy, Marge, Woman On The Edge of Time. Ballantine Books, 1976, 376 pages.

3. Bekken, Jon, "Syndicalist Utopias," Anarcho-Syndicalist Review, No. 28, Spring 2000. (A review of LeGuin, Purchase, Cullen, and Pataud and Pouget.)

Autonomous Marxism

Go to the web site of Harry Cleaver, at From there you can click on ‘Autonomous Marxism’ for a book-length syllabus and bibliography, as well as on the ‘Texas Archive of Autonomous Marxism’ for a bibliography of materials deposited in the university library.


1. Debord, Guy, Society of the Spectacle (1967). Black and Red, 1983.

2. Debord, Guy, Comments on the Society of the Spectacle. Verso, 1990, 94 pages.

3. Vaneigem, Raoul, The Book of Pleasures (1979). Pending Press, 1983, 105 pages.

4. Vaneigem, Raoul, Revolution in Everyday Life (1967). Left Bank Books & Pending Press, 1983, 216 pages.

5. Knabb, Ken, ed., Situationist International Anthology. Bureau of Public Secrets, 1981, 406 pages.

6. Vienet, Rene, Enrages and Situationists in the Occupation Movement, France, May ’68 (1968). Autonomedia & Rebel Press, 1992, 158 pages.

Zero Work Movement

1. Lafargue, Paul, The Right To Be Lazy. Charles H. Kerr, 1907, 1989, 128 pages.

2. Richards, Vernon, ed., Why Work?: Arguments for the Leisure Society. Freedom Press, 1983, 210 pages.

3. Zerowork. A journal, two numbers of which were published, in 1975 and 1977, 150 pages each.

4. Gorz, Andre, Paths to Paradise: On the Liberation from Work. Pluto Press, 1985, 120 pages.


1. Kasmir, Sharryn, The Myth of Mondragon: Cooperatives, Politics, and Working-Class life in a Basque Town. State University of New York Press, 1996, 243 pages. Has an extensive bibliography of relevant literature.

2. Whyte, William Foote, and Kathleen King Whyte, Making Mondragon: The Growth and Dynamics of the Worker Cooperative Complex. Cornell U.P., 1988, 315 pages.

3. Long, Mike, "Mondragon and Other Co-Ops: For & Against: A Review Essay," Anarcho-Syndicalist Review, No. 29, Summer 2000, beginning on page 15. Lots of references to relevant literature on the topic.


1. Sullivan, D., and L. Tifft, The Struggle To Be Human: Crime, Criminology, and Anarchism. Cienfuegos Press, 1980, 208 pages. Has a good bibliography.

Housing, Architecture, Urban Planning

1. Ward, Colin, Talking Houses. Freedom Press, 1990, 142 pages.

2. Ward, Colin, When We Build Again. Pluto Press, 1985, 127 pages.

3. Hall, Peter, Cities of Tomorrow: An Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century. Blackwell, 1996, 502 pages.


1. Avrich, Paul, The Modern School Movement: Anarchism and Education in the United States. Princeton, 1980, 447 pages.

2. Ward, Colin, Talking Schools. Freedom Press, 1995, 141 pages.

3. Hern, Matt, ed., Deschooling Our Lives. New Society Press, 1996, 150 pages. Has a good bibliography.

4. Llewellyn, Grace, The Teenage Liberation Handbook. Lowry House, Eugene, Oregon, 1991.

Imagining Anarchism

1. Kropotkin, Peter, "Must We Occupy Ourselves with an Examination of the Ideal of a Future System?", pp. 46-117, in Martin Miller, Selected Writings on Anarchism and Revolution, by P. A. Kropotkin. MIT Press, 1970.

2. Castoriadis, Cornelius, Workers Councils and the Economics of a Self-Managed Society (1957). Solidarity (London & Philadelphia, 1972, 1975). Wooden Shoe edition of 1984, 52 pages.

3. Morris, William, News From Nowhere. In Three Works by William Morris, edited by A.L. Morton, 1968.

4. Berneri, Marie Louise, Journey Through Utopia. Boston, Beacon Press, 1951, 339 pages. This anthology was compiled by an anarchist. Most of the utopias so far written have been authoritarian, but Berneri manages to ferret out a few that weren’t and calls our attention them.

More Biographies, Autobiographies, and Studies

1. Bruns, Roger A., The Damndest Radical: The Life and World of Ben Reitman, Chicago’s Celebrated Social Reformer, Hobo King, and Whorehouse Physician. Illinois U.P., 1987, 332 pages.

2. Woodcock, George, The Crystal Spirit: A Study of George Orwell. Little, Brown, 1966, 366 pages.

3. Avrich, Paul, Anarchist Portraits. Princeton, 1988, 316 pages. Chapters on Bakunin, Makhno, Kropotkin, Volin, Proudhon, Tucker, Berkman, Magon, Landauer, and others.

4. Gallagher, Dorothy, All the Right Enemies: The Life and Murder of Carlo Tresca. Rutgers, 1988, 321 pages.

5. Avrich, Paul, Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background. Princeton, 1991, 265 pages.

6. Serge, Victor, Memoirs of a Revolutionary 1901-1941. Oxford, 1963, 401 pages.

7. Thomas, Edith, Louise Michel. Montreal, 1980.

8. Sunstein, Emily, A Different Face: The Life of Mary Wollstonecraft. Harper, 1975, 383 pages.

9. Tellez, Antonio, Sabate: Guerilla Extraordinary. Elephant Editions, 1974, 208 pages.

10. Fleming, Marie, The Geography of Freedom: The Odyssey of Elisee Reclus. Black Rose Books, 1988, 246 pages.

11. Thompson, E.P., Witness Against the Beast: William Blake and the Moral Law, 1993, 284 pages.

12. Miller, William D., Dorothy Day: A Biography. Harper, 1982, 527 pages.

13. Patsouras, Louis, Jean Grave and the Anarchist Tradition in France. Caslon Co., 1995, 146 pages.

15. Thompson, E.P., William Morris: Romantic to Revolutionary. Standford U.P., 1994, 829 pages, 2nd edition.

Further References

1. Cole, G.D.H., Guild Socialism Restated (1920). Transaction Books, 1980, 224 pages.

2. Camatte, Jacques, This World We Must Leave and Other Essays (1972-1980). Autonomedia, 1995, 256 pages.

3. Wolff, Robert Paul, In Defense of Anarchism. Harper and Row, 1970, 118 pages.

4. Jacoby, Russell, Dialectic of Defeat: Contours of Western Marxism. Cambridge U.P., 1981, 202 pages.

5. Spooner, Lysander, An Essay on the Trial by Jury (1852). Legal Classics Library, Gyphon Editions, 1989, 224 pages.

6. Negri, Toni, Revolution Retrieved: Selected Writings on Marx, Keynes, Capitalist Crisis, and New Social Subjects 1967-83. Red Notes, 1988, 274 pages.

7. Malos, Ellen, The Politics of Housework. Allison and Busby, 1980, 286 pages.

8. Illich, Ivan, Shadow Work. Marion Boyars, 1981, 152 pages.

9. Wood, Ellen Meiksins, Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism. Cambridge U.P., 1995, 300 pages.

10. Noble, David F., Progress Without People: In Defense of Luddism. Charles H. Kerr, 1993, 145 pages.

11. McNally, David, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism, and the Marxist Critique. Verso, 1993, 262 pages.

12. Schecter, Stephen, The Politics of Urban Liberation. Black Rose Books, 1978, 202 pages.

13. Dolgoff, Sam, The Cuban Revolution: A Critical Perspective. Black Rose Books, 1976, 199 pages.

14. Taylor, Michael, Community, Anarchy, and Liberty. Cambridge U.P., 1982, 184 pages.

15. Thomas, Paul, Karl Marx and the Anarchists. Routledge, 1980, 406 pages.

16. Foner, Philip S., ed., We, the Other People: Alternative Declarations of Independence by Labor Groups, Farmers, Woman’s Rights Advocates, Socialists, and Blacks 1829-1975. Illinois U.P., 1976, 205 pages.

17. Buhle, Paul, ed. (with others), Free Spirits: Annals of the Insurgent Imagination. City Lights Books, 1982, 223 pages.

18. Robinson, Paul A., The Freudian Left: Wilhelm Reich, Geza Roheim, Herbert Marcuse. Harper and Row, 1969, 253 pages.

19. Reich, Wilhelm, Sex-Pol: Essays 1929-1934. Edited by Lee Baxandall, Random House, 1966, 387 pages.

20. Taber, Ron, A Look at Leninism. Aspect Foundation, New York, 1988, 104 pages.

21. Blatt, Martin H., Free Love and Anarchism: The Biography of Ezra Heywood. Illinois U.P., 1989, 240 pages.

22. Cook, Ian, and Pepper, David, Anarchism and Geography. Special issue of Contemporary Issues in Geography and Education, Vol. 3., No. 2. (No date)

23. A Hundred Years: October 1886 to October 1986. Centenary Edition of Freedom: Anarchist Magazine, Vol. 47, No. 9, October 1986, 88 pages.

24. Willis, Ellen, Don’t Think, Smile! Notes on a Decade of Denial. Beacon Press, 1999, 196 pages.

25. Perez, Rolando, On An(archy) and Schizoanalysis. Automedia, 1990, 144 pages.

26. Porton, Richard, Film and the Anarchist Imagination. Verso, 1999, 320 pages.

27. Danos, Jacques, and Marcel Gibelin, June ‘36: Class Struggle and the Popular Front in France. Bookmarks, 1986, 272 pages.

28. Zinn, Howard, A People’s History of the United States. Harper, 1999 (revised and updated edition), 702 pages.

29. Wind, Edgar, Art and Anarchy. Faber and Faber, 1963, 160 pages.

30. Read, Herbert, Poetry and Anarchism, Macmillan, 1939, 126 pages.

31. Rosemont, Franklin & Penelope, and Paul Garon, editors, The Forecast is Hot! Tracts & Other Collective Declarations of the Surrealist Movement in the United States 1966-1976. Black Swan Press, 1997, 276 pages.

32. Guillen, A., Anarchist Economics. ISEL/La Prensa, Manchester, 1992.

Anarchy on the Internet

"Anarchism and the Internet". Special issue of Practical Anarchy, issue no. 10, winter, ‘97/98

For long lists of anarchist links, see the following:

1. Left Bank Book Collective, at

2. A Links: Anarchist Resources on the Internet, at

3. Znet’s Anarchy Watch, at

4. Jay’s anarchy links list, at

5. People’s Libertarian Index, at

6. Mid-Atlantic Infoshop, at

See also:

7. Anarchist FAQ webpage, at

8. Anarchist Archives, at

9. Spunk Library, at

10. John Gray Website, at

11. The Anarchist Library, at

12. Libertarian Communism, at

13. International Anarchism, at


International Institute for Social History, Amsterdam

Tamament Library, New York

Labadie Collection, Madison

Kate Sharpley Library, Northhamptonshire, England

Jerry Kaplan, Anarchist Archives Project, P.O. Box 381323, Cambridge, MA 02238-1323

Contemporary Journals, Newspapers, and Magazines

The Raven, 84b Whitechapel High Street, London E1 7QX, England

Anarcho-Syndicalist Review, P.O. Box 2824, Champaign, Illinois 61825

Social Anarchism, 2748 Maryland Avenue, Baltimore, Maryland 21218

Red & Black Revolution, WSM Publications, P.O. Box 1528, Dublin 8, Ireland

The Match!, P.O. Box 3012, Tucson, Arizona 85702

Perspectives on Anarchist Theory (newsletter of the Institute for Anarchist Studies), P.O. Box 1664, Peter Stuyvesant Station, New York, New York 10009

Industrial Worker, 103 West Michigan Avenue, Ypsilanti, Michigan 48197

GEO: Grassroots Economic Organizing Newsletter, 177 Kiles road, Stillwater, PA 17878

Anarchy: A Journal of Desire Armed, C.A.L., P.O. box 1446 Columbia, Missouri 65205-1446

Alternative Press Review, A.A.L., P.O. Box 4710, Arlington, VA 22204

Workers Solidarity, WSM Publications, P.O. Box 1528, Dublin 8, Ireland

Black Flag, BM Hurricane, London WC1N 3XX, England

Fifth Estate, 4632 Second Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 48201

Practical Anarchy, P.O. Box 179, College Park, Maryland 20741-0179

Slingshot, 3124 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, California 94705

We Dare Be Free, P.O. Box 230685, Boston, MA 02123

Left Green Perspectives, P.O. Box 111, Burlington, VT 05402

Kick It Over, P.O. Box 1836, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 7A1

Arsenal: Surrealist Subversion, Black Swan Press, 1726 West Jarvis Ave., Chicago, IL 60626

Arsenal: A Magazine of Strategy and Culture, 1573 N. Milwaukee Ave., PMB #420, Chicago, Illinois 60647

Freedom: Anarchist Fortnightly, 84b Whitechapel High Street, London E1 7QX

Ideas and Action, 339 Lafayette Street, #203, New York, New York 10012

Democracy and Nature, P.O. Box 637, Littleton, Colorado 80160-0637

Direct Action, Box 29, South West PDO, Manchester M15 W, England

Collective Action Notes, P.O. Box 22962, Baltimore, Maryland 21203

Organize! , 84b Whitechapel Hight Street, London, E1 7QX, England

Anarchist Studies, White Horse Press, 1 Strond, Isle of Harris, Scotland, HS5 3UD


Black Rose Books

Charles H. Kerr

See Sharp Press

AK Press

Freedom Press

Cienfuego Press (may be defunct)

Black and Red

Bewick Editions

(Study the Left Bank Book Distribution catalog for leads to many more small anarchist publishers.)